Immigration to Canada – an exciting journey!

The government released a “historic and responsible” three-year Canada Immigration Plan for 2018-2020, in November 2017. This migration is expected to continue its momentum in years to come. Over 300,000 people immigrate to this beautiful country every year.

The majority of new permanent residents are going to settle as economic immigrants, with many more is expected to arrive through programs managed under the Express Entry system. With processing times of six months or less, Express Entry has proven to be successful in bringing tens of thousands of workers to Canada, as well as helping foreign workers and graduates in Canada transition to permanent resident status.

The federal government will continue to work with the provinces in settling up to many new permanent residents through the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) from 2018 to 2020.

Canada will also welcome spouses, common-law partners, dependent children, parents, and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents under its Family Class programs.

Canada’s ever-expanding ethnic diaspora aims at bringing in new fabric to its cultural diversity. Canadian people are very polite, respectful, open-minded, honest, educated and positive. People around the world love to immigrate to Canada mainly for its stable economy, world-class education system, a higher standard of living and low crime rate.

People can come to Canada on

  • Temporary Visas
  • Permanent Visas

Temporary visas apply to the cases where you intend to visit the country for a certain period to visit as a tourist, to study or to work in Canada temporarily through

  • Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) (also called Visitor Visa)
  • Study Permit
  • Work Permit

Permanent visas are for those who would like to immigrate to Canada on permanent basis as Permanent Residents.

Our immigration professionals will consult with you on your current situation, your purpose and your intent on coming to Canada to decide on the best suitable program for you.

  • Express Entry Program: It is an online immigration application system. It allows people to submit a profile and be considered as a skilled immigrant.Candidates with the highest rankings are invited to apply for permanent residency. You must use Express Entry to apply for
    • The Skilled Worker Program (FSW)
    • The Skilled Trade Program (FSTC)
    • The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
  • Business Immigration: This is for business people entering Canada as an investor or entrepreneur.
  • Family Sponsorship: Sponsoring your family member while you are the permanent resident or a citizen of Canada.
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): This process covers how to settle in Canada’s various provinces.
  • Humanitarian and Compassionate Applications: There are people living in Canada without any legal status and they have nevertheless established themselves and made Canada as their home. This application is for them.

  • Decide why you want to move there
  • Choose a destination province
  • Read the immigration rules of your province
  • Determine if you fulfill the eligibility requirements
  • Avoid things that will reduce your chances
  • Evaluate the immigration programs
  • Look at Express Entry
  • Determine if you are a skilled worker
  • Consider CEC if you have worked in Canada before
  • Decide if you want to live in Quebec
  • Contact any friends or family
  • Determine if you want to start a business
  • See if anyone needs caretaking
  • Hire a licensed immigration consultant

A person may be denied a visa, or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA), refused entry to, or removed from Canada on any of these grounds:

  • Security reasons, including
    • Espionage
    • Subversion (attempts to overthrow a government, etc.)
    • Violence or terrorism, or
    • Membership in an organization involved in any of these
  • Human or international rights violations, including
    • War crimes
    • Crimes against humanity
    • Being a senior official in a government engaged in gross human rights violations or subject to international sanctions
  • Committing a serious crime that would be punishable by a maximum prison term of at least 10 years in Canada
  • Having been convicted of a crime, including driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol (DUI)
  • Organized crime, including membership in an organization that takes part in organized criminal activity, people smuggling or money laundering
  • Health grounds – if their condition is likely to:
    • Endanger public health or public safety, or
    • Cause excessive demands on health or social services (some exceptions exist)
  • Financial reasons – if they are unable or unwilling to support themselves and their family members
  • Misrepresentation, which includes providing false information or withholding information directly related to decisions made under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA)
  • Failure to comply with any provision of IRPA or
  • Having an inadmissible family member.

Canada may be very different from your home country, which means there is a great deal to learn about and explore before you arrive here. These pages will introduce you to important features of this country, such as the Canadian climate and way of life.

  • Land and Climate
  • People
  • Government
  • Laws
  • Human Rights

Canada is the second largest country on earth. It has three ocean borders:

  • The Pacific Ocean in the west
  • The Atlantic Ocean in the east
  • The Arctic Ocean to the north

Canada borders the United States in the south and in the northwest.Canada has many different types of landscape, including:

  • High mountains
  • Prairie grasslands
  • Different types of forests
  • Arctic tundra where the ground is permanently frozen

Canada is also home to many rivers and lakes.


In Canada, there are four different seasons:

  • Winter
  • Spring
  • Summer
  • Autumn (fall)

The Atlas of Canada has information on Canada’s geography and climate. You can also see the weather forecasts for every city and town in Canada.


Winter is very cold in most places with temperatures often below zero degrees Celsius. Snow covers the ground from around December to March or April. In southwest British Columbia (around Victoria and Vancouver), rain is more common in winter than snow.

Depending on where you’re immigrating from, you may be quite surprised by the cold and snow during your first Canadian winter. With the right clothing, you’ll be prepared to enjoy the unique beauty of a Canadian winter. Be sure to buy:

  • A hat
  • Boots
  • Gloves
  • A winter coat

Summer lasts from around June to September and the weather varies from warm to hot. Daytime temperatures are between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius or Centigrade (68 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher. In southern Ontario and Quebec, it can often be very humid.

Fall and Spring

Fall and spring are transition seasons. This means the weather starts getting colder or warmer, and there is a lot of rain.

Cities, Provinces and Regions

Ottawa is the capital city of Canada and is located on the Ottawa River between Ontario and Quebec.

Canada has 10 provinces and three territories, each with its own capital city. These provinces and territories are grouped into five regions:

Atlantic Provinces:
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Nova Scotia
  • New Brunswick
Central Canada:
  • Quebec
  • Ontario
Prairie Provinces:
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Alberta
West Coast: British Columbia
  • British Columbia
  • Nunavut
  • Northwest Territories
  • Yukon Territory

Most people live in southern Ontario and Quebec, southwest British Columbia and Alberta. Much of the north has a very low population because of the cold climate.

Immigration has been a key part in Canadian society’s growth throughout our nation’s history.Canada’s population of around 31 million people reflects a cultural, ethnic and linguistic mix that is unique in the world.

Canadian multiculturalism is based on the belief that all citizens are equal and that diversity makes us stronger as a country.

Founding Peoples

The founding peoples of Canada include:

  • Aboriginal Peoples
  • French Canadians
  • English Canadians
Aboriginal Peoples

Aboriginal peoples had family living in Canada before European explorers, pioneers and settlers arrived. There are three different groups of Aboriginal peoples:

  • First Nations
  • Inuit
  • Métis
French Canadians

French Canadians are the descendants of French settlers and include:

  • Acadians
  • Quebecers
  • People in smaller French-speaking communities across Canada

The Acadians are descendants of French colonists who settled 400 years ago in what is now the Atlantic Region.

Quebecers (“Québécois” in French) live in Quebec. Most are French-speaking descendants of French settlers from the 17th and 18th centuries who brought many French traditions with them.Quebecers have a unique identity, culture and language. In 2006, the Canadian Parliament recognized the Québécois form a nation within a united Canada. One million English-speaking Anglo-Quebecers form an important part of Quebec society.

English Canadians

Most English Canadians are descendants of English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish people. These include settlers, soldiers and migrants who came to Canada from the 17th to the 20th century. Generations of these pioneers helped bring British political customs and traditions to Canada.


Most Canadians were born in Canada and came from the original founding peoples. But over the past 200 years, many newcomers have helped to build and defend this country’s way of life.

Today, many ethnic and religious groups live and work in peace as proud Canadians. Until the 1970s, most immigrants came from European countries. Since then, the majority have come from Asian countries.

About 20 per cent of Canadians were born outside Canada. In Toronto, Canada’s largest city, this number is over 45 per cent. Immigrants like you are a valued part of Canada’s multicultural society.

Canada has three levels of government:
  • Federal
  • Provincial or Territorial
  • Municipal (city)
Federal Government:

The Prime Minister heads the federal government based in Ottawa. It deals with national and international matters, such as:

  • Mail
  • Taxes
  • Money
  • Banking
  • Shipping
  • Railways
  • Pipelines
  • Telephones
  • Criminal law
  • Foreign affairs
  • National defence
  • Employment insurance
  • Aboriginal lands and rights
Provincial and Territorial Governments

A Premier leads each province and territory.

The provincial and territorial governments have the power to change their laws and manage their own public lands. They are in charge of:

  • Education
  • Health care
  • Road regulations
Municipal (City) Governments

Mayors lead municipal governments.Municipal governments run cities, towns or districts (municipalities). They are in charge of things, such as:

  • Parks
  • Parking
  • Libraries
  • Roadways
  • Local police
  • Local land use
  • Fire protection
  • Public transportation
  • Community water systems
First Nations Governance

Across the country, band councils govern First Nations communities. Band councils are similar to municipal governments. Band members elect the band council, which makes decisions that affect their local community.

Parliamentary democracy

Parliament has three parts:

  • The Sovereign (Queen or King)
  • The Senate
  • The House of Commons

Canadian citizens elect political representatives at all three levels of government:

  • Federal
  • Provincial or Territorial
  • Municipal

Elected representatives hold positions in:

  • City councils
  • The federal House of Commons
  • Provincial and Territorial legislatures

Their duties include:

  • Passing laws
  • Approving and monitoring spending
  • Keeping the government accountable
Constitutional Monarchy

Canada is a constitutional monarchy. This means:

  • The Queen or King of Canada is the head of state
  • The Prime Minister is the head of government

The Governor General represents the Queen in Canada. The Sovereign appoints the Governor General on the Prime Minister’s advice. The appointment is usually for five years.

In each of the ten provinces, the Sovereign is represented by the Lieutenant-Governor. They are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister. The appointment is also normally for five years.

In Canada, the law applies to everyone, including:
  • The police
  • The government
  • Public officials

Canadian laws recognize and protect basic rights and freedoms, such as liberty and equality.

Public law and private law

Law can be divided into public and private law.Public laws set the rules for the relationship between a person and society and for the roles of different levels of government. This includes:

  • Criminal law
  • Constitutional law
  • Administrative law

Private or civil law deals with the relationships between people. Civil laws set the rules for:

  • Contracts
  • Owning property
  • Rights and duties of family members
  • Damage caused by others to someone or to their property

Courts in Canada help people resolve disputes fairly and within the law. Courts:

  • Set standards
  • Interpret laws and put them in place
  • Raise questions that affect all parts of Canadian society

Most people settle their differences outside of court, such as through:

  • Mediation
  • Arbitration
Legal representation

If you need help in a Canadian court, it’s a good idea to hire a lawyer. There are services that can help you find a lawyer, such as:

Parliament has three parts:

  • Referral services from provincial and territorial law societies
  • Justice Net (telephone: 1-866-919-3219)

Depending on your income, you may be able to get a lawyer for free. This is called legal aid. Each province and territory has a legal aid society. You can also ask an immigrant-serving organization in your city or town for help hiring a lawyer.


The police in Canada keep people safe and enforce the law. There are different types of police, including:

  • Federal
  • Provincial
  • Territorial
  • Municipal

You should call the police if you:

  • Are the victim of a crime
  • See a crime taking place
  • Know about criminal activities

The number for your local police is in the front pages of the telephone book. If you need to call the police in an emergency, dial 911.If the police question or arrest you:

  • Be calm
  • Don’t resist
  • Look directly at the officer
  • Speak as clearly as possible
  • Be ready to show some kind of identification
  • Make sure you know why you’ve been arrested
  • Ask to have a lawyer and a translator present (if you need one)
  • Don’t offer money, gifts or services in exchange for special treatment

Under Canadian law, you’re presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Learn about the Charter that protects your rights and what your rights and duties in Canada are.

The Charter protects your rights.The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of Canada’s Constitution. It protects you from the moment you arrive in Canada.

The Charter:
  • Sets out the values that Canadians live by
  • Describes the kinds of personal human rights and freedoms we can expect in this country

Some of these include:

The right to:

  • Life, liberty and personal security
  • A fair trial, that respects all your legal rights
  • Be presumed innocent until you’re proven guilty
  • Talk to a lawyer as soon as possible if you are arrested
  • Equal protection and benefit under the law, without discrimination

Freedom of:

  • Conscience and religion
  • Thought, belief, opinion and expression
  • The press and other media

Freedom to:

  • Join groups
  • Hold peaceful meetings
  • The press and other media

Protection from:

  • Unreasonable search or seizure
  • Being detained or put in prison without a just reason
  • The press and other media
Rights come with duties

People who live in Canada are expected to:

  • Understand and obey Canadian laws
  • Help protect Canada’s multicultural heritage
  • Allow other Canadians to enjoy their rights and freedoms

If you live in Canada, you should become informed about politics and help to improve your communities and the country.

Citizens of Canada have other rights and freedoms, such as the right to vote in elections.

Look for Jobs in Canada

To work in Canada, you’ll need a Social Insurance Number (SIN). Apply for a SIN as soon as you come to Canada.

You have many resources you can use to get help with your job search in Canada, including:

  • Immigrant-serving organizations, who offer:
    • Résumé writing workshops
    • Job search training sessions
    • Other services to help you find work
  • Job Bank, which offers free occupational and career information about working in Canada, such as:
    • Jobs
    • Wages
    • Main duties
    • Employment trends
    • Educational requirements
  • Service Canada, which has important information about searching and applying for jobs
  • Your province’s or territory’s website for newcomers

Why Hire A Licensed Immigration Consultant?

Immigration consultants will provide valuable service making your visa application much easier than doing it yourself. Consultants can get your application submitted correctly the first time around, meaning that you have the greatest chance of success and your application is optimized correctly.

You will be able to keep track with your consultant on the status of your application and will be able to understand everything regarding your application.

Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants are kept informed regarding Immigration law in Canada and on new information about latest developments in immigration field.

Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants, or RCICs, are legally authorized representatives and members in good standing with the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC).

If you are intrested to immigrate to Canada, fill out our online assessment form.

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